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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JOE MODISEN" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 19 Apr 2016 08:39:06 -0700
Subject: From Rebecca Joe

Dear Sir/Madam!

Peace be unto you, I know my mail might be a surprise to you but never mind
because I am contacting you in good faith. However, accept my sincere
apologies if it doesn't meet your personal ethics.

In a brief introduction, my name is Hon Joe Modisen. a personal lawyer to
Late Engineer. who died with his family in Automobile motor accident here in My Country five years ago. and left a huge amount of money in the bank here in my country ($US 10.5 Million) in his personal bank account for our mutual benefit? This money Belongs to My deceased client, Engineer. a National of your Country WHO died in 30/ 10/ 2010

>From My Numerous searches, I found out That the deceased Bears the Same
Surname with you, and That is the reason why I contacted you to receive
this money for our mutual benefit. If you are Willing to work with me to
Receive this money, Kindly Get back to me through My Private Email
( as soon as Possible so That I can Give you more
details About this transaction.The bank has issued me a notice to provide
the next of kin, Please do reply with the following information for further

Look forward to hear from you as soon as possible if you are willing to
proceed with me.

Hon.Joe Modisen Esq.

Anti-fraud resources: