fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- "executive governor" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "cb" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 2 May 2016 12:16:21 +0200
Subject: FOR YOUR URGENT ATTENTION "REPLY ON CONFIRMATION"
Office of the governor,
Emails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
It was Resolved and Agreed by the Presidential Committee on contract review & re-conciliation,
that your Over Due contract fund Payment credit Claims approval of $8.5M, would be released on a
special secured method of payment by C.B.N. through direct Atm fund delivery vide correspondence
bank in Europe and America.
You are required to Provide your direct contact address and phone numbers to enable us process a
fund credit claim voucher approvals of your contract funds within 48hrs.
you are urge to Call the Governor of C.B.N.(Mr. Godwin Emefiele) on his direct Tel:
+2347081884869 for more directives.
Reply to this email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Godwin Emefiele,
Central Bank of Nigeria.