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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Denze Frank" <>
Date: Wed, 11 May 2016 13:23:50 -0400

Dear Sir,

After much contemplation, I have decided to contact you bearing in mind that you stand in a position to assist me with a highly beneficial transaction requiring your competence.

I hope to avail you with full details as soon as I receive your response indicating your interest to receive my proposal for the management of an investment portfolio in the range of seven figures.

Looking forward to hearing back from you so that I can send to you the comprehensive proposal.


Philippe Komanu

Anti-fraud resources: