fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "fiduciary agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "ANTHONY KWEME" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 17 May 2016 14:37:48 -0700
Subject: SOURCING AGENT
Attention: The Managing Director
First, I would commence by introducing myself, I am MR. ANTHONY KWEME, the Managing Director and CEO of SOLID BASE (GH) LTD
SOLID BASE (GH) LTD is a registered company in Ghana and we are accredited fiduciary agent to Contract Procurement Board of Ghana (CPBG).
We have the mandate of the Contract Procurement Board of Ghana (CPBG) to source competent supplier's with certified documents on good conduct and product quality with experience in a supply contract.
However, we came across your contact information from trade directory and we are interested in your product and request that you provide us detail specifications for review and further advice. We require further information on your production capacity, packing and shipping time frame.
We will deliberate further on relevant issues concerning the supply and our agency upon hearing from you. Hence, if your company is ready to handle large order and supply, please do not hesitate to communicate me on receipt of this mail through the below email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
We really hope to build a long time business relationship with you and would appreciate your prompt response on receipt of this mail.
Thanks and do have a wonderful day.
Mr. Anthony Kweme
SOLID BASE (GH) LTD
East Legoon, Accra, Ghana