fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "kusumadmo" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 27 May 2016 07:03:05 +0700
Subject: Urgent Response
Desk of Mrs Baha Hussein
Syrian Petroleum Company
Dummar Province Expransion Square ,
Island 19- Building 32
P.O.BOX 2849 or 3378
Middle East, Damascus
A very good day to you. We have an immediate business proposal that involves
US$22,000,000.00 (Twenty Two Million United States Dollars) which we will
like to invest under your custody. Once I receive a message from
you notifying me of your interest, the details of the transaction/the terms
and condition of sharing regarding the business would then be brought to
your knowledge.Your urgent response will be highly appreciated and will
swiftly bring us to the commencement of the transaction. We hope to
conclude. This transaction within 10-14 working days do not forget to
contact me on the receipt of this e-mail address. And please you have to
maintain absolute confidentiality as regards this pending transaction. You
have to send me your phone and fax numbers too so I can contact you.
I urgently await your response. By email.(email@example.com)