fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Dr.David Jones<email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 26 May 2016 21:39:18 +0100
Subject: World Fund Management
I am Dr.David Jones Director of World Fund Management and reconciliation. I=
decided to contact you because of the prevailing financial report reaching=
my office in London This is to inform you about our plan to send your fund=
to you via cash delivery system; this system will be easier for you and fo=
r us, we are going to send your payment of US$7.3 Million to you via courie=
r service. I have secured every needed document to cover this fund. Note: T=
his fund is coming in 2 security proof boxes which are sealed with Syntheti=
c nylon seal and padded with machine I will use my position to release this=
fund to you. The boxes are coming with a Courier agent who will deliver th=
em to you at your home address. All you need to do now is reconfirm the fol=
lowing information: 1. Name in full:. 2. Address:...... 3. Nationality:.. 4=
=2E Age/Sex :..... 5. Occupation:... 6. Phone/Cell:.. 7. Country:.... Note:=
The Agent does not know the contents in these boxes, the content was decla=
red to him as Sensitive Photographic Film Materials I will secure the clear=
ance Certificate that will be tagged on the boxes which I will dispatch alo=
ng with the security inner Keys of the consignments to enable you access th=
em as soon as they are delivered to you. Best Regards, Dr.David Jones Pleas=
e reply to my secure Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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