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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. IBE" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 28 May 2016 06:10:47 -0700
Subject: re: Treat as urgent and confidential

>From the desk of:
Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu
Group Managing Director - (NNPC)
TEL / FAX: 234-1-7614045

Dear Friend,

I am Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu, the newly appointed Group Managing Director of the NNPC, my predecessor, deliberately over-inflated contract payment. In the course of disbursement, we have been able to track down the sum of Twenty Seven Million, Seven Hundred Thousand U.S.Dollars (US$27.5M) Only in the legal currency of the United States of America.

This money is floating in CBN pending claims. I want to quickly move this fund for safekeeping under care of a trustworthy partner; I wish to believe you are.

We are not allowed to operate any form of investment as civil servants in active service. Hence, I solicit for your kindest assistance to secure this fund under your custody. Thus, kindly forward following details:


We have also evolved a sharing formula as follows: -
1. 35% for "YOU" the foreign partner
2. 65% for Local partners
3. 5% Is set aside to defray all incidental expenses that may occur both locally and internationally during the course of this transaction.

Note that, this transaction is genuine and 100% safe considering my status and influence and it shall take us 7 (Seven) workings Days, upon receipt of your details as requested above.

Let me point out to you here that this transaction is top secret and strictly confidential, and let all correspondence email be made through email:

While looking forward to a swift and smooth business relationship with you, I trust to receive your prompt response.

Cordially yours,
Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu
Group Managing Director - (NNPC)

Anti-fraud resources: