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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Johnson" <>
Date: Sat, 28 May 2016 20:06:27 +0700

My Dear Friend,

Let me start by introducing myself properly to you. My name is Mr. Mchael
Johnson, The Branch Manager of a Financial Institution.

I had a client by named Eng. Mohamed ziad Husari, He is Syrian Citizen and
died in Syria bomb attacks last year 2015. He was a supplier of High Tech
Machineries, plants and equipment for the renovation of our international
airport. Prior his demise, he secured a contract of US$35,750,000 from our
aviation ministry which he received a 60% mobilization fee of
USD$15,250,000 and successfully executed the contract. The 40% balance of
his payment amounting to USD$21,500,000 due to him was paid into his
account few months after his sudden Death.

I informed my bank management and was instructed to present any member of
his family or relation with an administration of estate for claims. I
never had the courage to discuss this with anyone but frankly speaking, it
will be stupid of me to leave his funds to his account since i know his is

Note, as an officer of the bank, I cannot be personally connected to the
fund which make me to request for your assistance to stand as Eng. Mohamed
relative to receive the fund. I agree that we share the funds 40% for you
and 60% for me. I have all it takes as his personal account manager to put
claim over his funds under a legitimate to appointing you as Eng. Mohamed
relative. I am aware this might be against your ethical belief or personal
indoctrination but I hope you see good reasons to consider partnering with
me as his available relative.

It is officially advised by my bank management to present Eng. Mohamed
relative for the claim. I will send you modalities for the release of Eng
Mohamed funds once I get a positive response from you. Please do treat
this information as Top secret between us and if this business proposal
offends your moral ethics, do accept my sincere apology. Thanks for your

Mr. Michael Johnson.

Anti-fraud resources: