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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "'Christopher Smith' via 419trap" <>
Reply-To: Christopher Smith <>
Date: Tue, 7 Jun 2016 08:08:41 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Hello.

I am happy to meet a Matured and reputable person like you here today. i am Christopher Smith a personal assistant to Dr Ali Khalil former Lebanese Minister for Public Health.
I contacted you based on the urgent investment assignment i have in your country. Please tell me the fast growing Investments in your country. i will inform you the whole details immediately i hear from you. Please reply me through this email:  
I am waiting to hear from you.
Regards,Christopher Smith.

Anti-fraud resources: