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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ALH. SULEIMAN BARAU" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2016 03:09:53 -0300
Subject: immediate payment within 48 hours..

Dear Beneficiary,
I am ALH. SULEIMAN BARAU, the Deputy Governor Operations Directorate of the Central Bank of Nigeria. I have been mandated through a presidential fiat by the Debt Management Office to offset all outstanding contract/inheritance/lottery debts under Category [A] Record file. Your name is top on the list and I hereby officially make contact to you for your immediate payment.
You are required to re-confirm your information for verification and immediate payment within 48 hours.
Your Full Name: ______________
Your Complete Address__________________________
Name of City of Residence:____________________
Direct Telephone Number:______________________
Mobile Number:________________________________
Fax Number:___________________________________
Occupation: ________________________________
Total Amount Owed You: ________________________________
I WILL NOT entertain impostors and you must prove that you are the rightful owner/beneficiary of the fund before final payment is made to your bank account via bank to bank wire transfer.
Get back to me asap.
Yours in Service,
Deputy Governor, Operations Directorate
Central Bank of Nigeria
Plot 33, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Way,
Central Business District,
Cadastral Zone, Abuja  (F.C.T.) Nigeria.
Tel: +234 708 5361422
Fax: +234 9 4614628

Anti-fraud resources: