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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Ben Duru" <>
Date: Tue, 21 Jun 2016 02:52:18 +0700
Subject: Investment Proposal

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am a private investor based in U.S, Chicago Illinois. A group of
government officials from South Africa contacted me with an offer. I am to
solicit and state their offer, if your Interest is genuine; you can
contact me for further briefing.

I need to engage with you to discuss a high return investment opportunity.
You will be made a beneficiary of a very huge sum of money ($50MIL) and it
will be transferred to you. A high Compensation of 20% awaits you, the
remaining balance (minus the interest, handling and tax clearance charges,
which will be offset by us and deducted from the transfer sum) to a
Nominated bank account in Cayman Island or your account.

I do not think I need to spell out the importance of secrecy in this
matter considering what is involved. Let me state clearly here that the
account you will be providing does not need to have funds in it; it is
only needed to be active and be able to receive the funds in question.

I need your quick response to this mail to indicate your intent, by
getting in touch with me right away.

This is important as we would need to talk and have a meeting to discuss
the modalities of this offer. Let me know your interest if you can come to
me or I can come to you in Person. For further clarification please
contact me through my private telephone number.

I am here at Illinois at the moment, here are my contact details +1 630
4899 885. Or better still my email,

Mr Ben Duru
+1 630 4899 885

Anti-fraud resources: