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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: " Engr.Edgardo V Valenzuela" <>
Date: Sat, 25 Jun 2016 10:20:24 +0100
Subject: Hello!


My name is Engr.Edgardo V Valenzuela , I work with the Triumph Oil & Gas
Company of Madagascar also known as T-OIL. I will officially guide you
on how to obtain a crude oil sales license with T-OIL. This crude oil
sales license gives the beneficiary the mandate to sell T-OIL ALBA crude
oil to any part of the world and the license attracts a host commission
of $3 per barrel sold.

This means that T-OIL will be paying you a total commission of $3 per
each barrel sold under your license as the license operator. This crude
oil sales license has a capacity of one million barrels of crude oil per
month, this means that at the end of every sales transaction monthly,
you are entitled to receive a total commission of $3M USD from T-OIL.

I will give you details on how this works as soon as I confirm your
understanding.We shall proceed as soon as I hear from you.

Engr.Edgardo V Valenzuela.

Anti-fraud resources: