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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "National Security Agency (NSA) Headquarters" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 27 Jun 2016 17:52:23 -0700

National Security Agency (NSA) Headquarters
9800 Savage Road, Suite 6940
Fort Meade, MD 20755-6940
Date: 06/27/2016
Attn: Beneficiary
Firstly, my name is Admiral Michael S. Rogers (Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service). We are contacting you today because we have taken over your Online Safety. We all know that the rate of fraudsters and scammers online are so much that we all receive at least 200 messages per day claiming to be from the Federal Bureau of Investigation or from the U.S. Department of the Treasury or from a Government Worker in Africa. All those stories are lies used by fraudsters to extort money from our citizens.
However, we are doing our best to keep the fraudsters off the internet, but we need you to also assist us with any vital information you can provide, in-order to put an end to their illicit act and deliver your funds to you. We need your Full co-operation and understanding to achieve this.
Presently, we have signed a "Memorandum of Understanding" (MOU) with the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to give the J.P. MORGAN CHASE BANK an absolute financial jurisdiction over the completion of this payment due to you. Henceforth, the National Security Agency under my direct supervision will be handling this payment advice due to be released by swift wire transfer to your bank account as your approved nominee beneficiary bank for final payment destination of choice in this transaction through the J.P. MORGAN CHASE BANK. With this, we are 100% sure that your approved funds will be paid to you without further delay.
It may interest you to know that every year, fraudsters extort more than $100 billion of US Dollars from their victims and this gives us so much concern here at the NSA. Therefore, you are advised to stop further communication with any firm, offices or individual claiming to have possession of your funds. Please get back to me via email as soon as you read this message, so that I can direct and instruct you on how to receive your funds from the J.P. MORGAN CHASE BANK, which is the legal Issuing Bank here in the United States.
Yours Sincerely,
Admiral Michael S. Rogers
Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director,
National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service

Anti-fraud resources: