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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bank Of America" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 24 Jun 2016 12:21:42 -0500
Subject: Important Update From Bank Of America About Your Fund

Bank Of America

Good morning,

This is to inform you that the USA Embassy in Lagos is now standing as your guarantor for you and have paid all the fee for the release of your lottery funds in a golden metal box valued $4,306,515. We have received an authorization letter from Bank Of America Zonal Headquarters NY to pay you a complimentary sum of $4,306,515 (Four Million, three hundred and six thousand, five hundred and fifteen United States Dollars only) which is your rightful long over due lottery winning payment.

You are required to provide your account information and a transfer fee of $75 USD only for the onward transfer of your funds. Send the $75 to the USA Embassy in Lagos via MONEY GRAM or WESTERN UNION as the USA Embassy in Lagos is standing as a guarantor for you to ensure that you receive your long over due lottery payment without further delay.

Receiver's Name: Melikan Obiedo
Address: Lagos, Nigeria
Test Question: Happy
Answer: Season
Amount: $75

Send the payment info to me as soon as you make the payment and forward a copy to the USA Embassy in Lagos email: ( ) for immediate confirmation.

NOTE: We urge you to treat this matter as urgent as your funds will be marked as unclaimed and maybe forfeited if we do not hear from you in next 48hours. You can reach me on Phone: +1 704-802-5177, text me or leave a voice-mail if I do not answer and I will call you back.
I await your prompt response.

Your faithfully,

Mr. Fernando Nunez
Branch Manager
Phone: +1 704-802-5177
( Bank Of America MD )

Anti-fraud resources: