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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Capital One Service" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 3 Jul 2016 07:10:04 -0400
Subject: Urgent Verification

Dear Customer,

Your Online Password and Account Information was restricted.

The main reason for this action are:

* Invalid log on attempts by a suspected third party user.

                Click here to resolve

Restricted account's will not be able to receive payments,
send payments or withdraw funds Online.

Yours sincerely
Online security helpdesk
Capitalone Online Banking

Anti-fraud resources: