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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Pavlosky" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2016 06:40:30 -0200
Subject: I am forward to hearing from you.


I AM Mr. James Pavlosky, the Chief Accountant of the Ministry of Roads and Housing headquarters in Accra, Ghana. I am searching for a reliable person, individual and company to assist me archive this goal.I have no reason to doubt your honesty and credibility hence I make this proposal to you.

Please, treat with utmost confidence and excuse me for the embarrassment this letter might cause you as we have not met or known each other before. I have the mandate to solicit for your assistance for a deal I want to execute, My Ministry awarded a contract of US$86,700,000.00 Eighty-Six Million, Seven Hundred Thousand U.S Dollars) to a Foreign firms to build High Way and the Government Staff Quarters here in Ghana but because of my position, this contract was over invoiced to US$97,200,000.00(Ninety Seven Million, Two Hundred and Thousand United State Dollars).

The original contract sum has been paid to the contractors that executed the project, now we are left with the over-invoice sum of US$10,500,000.00(Ten Million, Five Hundred Thousand U.S. Dollars Only.) All arrangements have been concluded on how this money would be moved. Our constraints lie on the fact that we required a foreign firm or individual account number where the money will be paid into; whose owner will be portrayed as a contract beneficiary of fund. Infarct this is why I am writing you this letter.

NOTE:- There is no risk involved as we have taken care, loopholes covered. As a civil servant, I am aware that some financial assistance would be required to conclude this job, I am prepared to give as much as 45% of the total sum to whoever that is willing to assist, while 50% of the total sum will go for me. To this effect,5% would be earmarked to cover all the expenses(Local and International).

This is because the process would pass through some Directors in the Ministry of Finance and Central Bank of Ghana (BOG).
Please, should you be willing to assist, we shall require the following information to enable us put claim immediately. Your bank name, Address and Account Number, Your direct telephone and fax number. But should you not be in a position to assist, this deal has to remain a secret till the end of time.

For the maintenance of personal integrity and prestige of all persons involved in this transaction, you are implored to exhibit utmost secrecy through out the duration of the transaction. You are strongly advise to avoid discussing this transaction with a third party as that could jeopardise the entire transaction. You may open a separate bank account in any Country for this purpose if you wish.All arrangements of this transfer for this quarter payment for this year,has been properly organized and further action awaits your
immediate response. Hurry and send to me the Account Number where the money will be transferred into, so that we can start to process for the approval of this payment.

I am forward to hearing from you.

Best Regards,
Mr. James Pavlosky

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