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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Caroline Duke <>
Date: Mon, 04 Jul 2016 12:44:34 -0500
Subject: From Caroline Duke,

From Caroline Duke,

Compliments of the day to you,
I am writing to you regarding my research on foreign investment with you
a great business opportunity, i am 20 years old girl from Mali in west
and I have 7.5 M $ Million US dollars, inherited from my late father and
intend to invest in your country honorably. I expect to hear from you so
that i will detail you more about it.
Yours sincerely. please contact me on this my private E-mail box ( )
Caroline Duke

Anti-fraud resources: