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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "bbtantran" <>
Date: Tue, 5 Jul 2016 16:55:13 -0000
Subject: Good day,

Good day,
I am a manager of private investment in one of the reputable banks
Hong Kong. Although this medium (Internet) has been greatly abused,
I chose to get through it because it still remains the means
faster communication. I assure you that this transaction is 100%
Free and legal risk for both parties to be an insider
of the bank. However, this correspondence is private, and should be
treated in strict confidence. The operation involves the
transfer of a deposit fund for a total of € Million (Twenty-seven million euro) to you in the most
legal. Upon receipt of your reply, I will give you the details on how
You will run the business and also note that you will have 50% of the amount
above as your part while 50% will be for me Contact me
to my private e-mail address:
Best regards,
Huang Hong (ICBC Bank) Industrial Commercial Bank of China Limited
Hong Kong Branch.
Bonne journée,
Je suis un gestionnaire de l'investissement privé dans l'une des banques
de renom
Hong Kong. Bien que ce milieu (Internet) a été grandement abusé,
J'ai choisi de passer au travers, car il reste encore les moyens
une communication plus rapide. Je vous assure que cette transaction est 100%
risque gratuit et légal pour les deux parties d'être un initié
la banque. Cependant, cette correspondance est privée, et devrait être
traitée de façon strictement confidentielle. L'opération implique la
le transfert d'un fonds de dépôt pour un total de € (Vingt-sept millions d'euros) à vous dans le plus
Juridique. Dès réception de votre réponse, je vais vous donner les détails
sur la façon
Vous courrez l'entreprise et notez également que vous aurez 50% du montant
ci-dessus comme votre part alors que 50% sera pour moi Contactez-moi
à mon adresse e-mail privé:
Meilleures salutations,
Huang Hong (ICBC Bank) Industrial Commercial Bank of China Limited
Direction Hong Kong.

Anti-fraud resources: