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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (sent from abused email account)
Date: Wed, 6 Jul 2016 01:01:56 +0000
Subject: Compliments

I am Mr. Jospeh Dunford am the Chief Investment & Treasury Officer at Bank of America LTD .I have in my bank the existence of a big amount of money that belongs to a customer, Sir. Rayan and who happen to be a business man until his death.The fund is now without any claim because Sir. Rayan died in a deadly earthquake in China in 2008. I want your cooperation so as to make the bank send you the fund as the beneficiary and next of kin to the fund. My Bank Directors do not know that Rayan dead without having any Heir, if they will claim the funds for their personal use, so I don't want such to happen. 100% Trust please as you are presented to the bank and receive the funds we share 50% 50% each and i invest part in oil and gas! This transaction will be of a great mutual assistance to us. Send me your reply of interest so that I will give you the details.
Strictly send it to my private email account: to send you details of this transaction.At the receipt of your reply, I will give you details of the transaction an a copy of the US$3,400,000.00 Deposit certificate of the fund.

Best regards,
MR. Jospeh Dunford.

Anti-fraud resources: