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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mariam Nasser Habib Musa <>
Reply-To: Mariam Nasser Habib Musa <>
Date: Mon, 11 Jul 2016 20:06:51 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dear beloved One, I am Mrs.Mariam Nasser Musa Habib, Wife of Nasser Habib, from Angola who was until his death an exporter of Gold and oil Explorer in Kuwait and Angola for twelve years before he died , I have been touched to Will the sum of $ 3.2million US dollars [three million two hundred thousand United State dollars] from what I have inherited from my late husband through you to assist me to distribute the funds for charity work as i can not handle the project from my sick bed, if you are willing to

In Good Faith

Anti-fraud resources: