fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. George Clifford Culmer" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2016 09:23:17 +0100
Subject: FOR YOUR KIND AND IMMEDIATE ATTENTION
FOR YOUR KIND AND IMMEDIATE ATTENTION,
I am Mr. George Clifford Culmer, the Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director, Bank of Scotland.
I am the accounting officer to a retired South Korean customer. He is interested in the investment in your country, of his personal account balance that he has with our bank. He is interested in any investment that is capable of yielding between 7% - 9% ROI. May I also assure you that this fund is CLEAN and FREE FROM ANY LIEN ready for a capable fund manager that would be able to meet up my client projected ROI.
Your earliest response will be appreciated as to advise him further.
Mr. George Clifford Culmer
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Director
BANK OF SCOTLAND.
Registered in Scotland No 90312.
Registered Office: 36 St Andrew Square,
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH2 2YB.