fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "genuine investment" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2016 18:38:09 +0100
Subject: investment opportunity
I am Dave Willian ESQ a lawyer with 25years experience at the bar in business and financial law, I will like to partner and invest into your business.
We are seeking for foreign partner in Joint business Ventures, I got your contact through my search on web. We intend to invest in spa & fitness, business and real estate, tourist, mining and other areas of business that might be of interest.
I want to details you more about my client and the investment funds my client name is Diezani Alison-Madueke past Minister of Petroleum Resources who has fund linked with the Mossack Fonseca scandal of the recent Panama papers.
We seek for immediate move of these funds for investment purpose as soon as possible if you can be of urgent help.
View the link for details about my client.
Base on the special arrangement of my client on moving this funds to you through diplomatic means or or via bank to ensure security & safety of the funds because of my client current situation on ground.
Your partnering with us will earn you 30% of the total funds as your principal share while you will invest 70% on my client name in any lucrative business you deem profitable.