fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claims office" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms.Sunny Ruda." (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 22 Jul 2016 12:52:53 +0300
Subject: Yours Sincerely,
LAS VEGAS LOTTERY ONLINE
Welcome to Las Vegas online draws. We happily announce to you the result of the EU Atlantic lottery draws held on Sat, July 9, 2016 - Your e-mail address attached to ticket number: VEGAS7560 4846 with serial number 105150 drew with winning numbers 7 8 12 13 25 43 Jackpot 34. You have therefore been approved to claim a total sum of 1,210,000.00 (One Million Two Hundred and Ten Thousand US Dollars only) in cash credited to file LVEAL/8467560/2016. All participants were selected randomly from worldwide web site through computer draws system and extracted from over 10,000.00 companies and personal e-mail addresses.
To file for your claim, and for more details.please reply us with this notification via our claims office on: Contact person;
Congratulations once more from all members and staff of this promotional lottery program.
Ms. Sunny Ruda.