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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Calko Group" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2016 00:47:09 -0000
Subject: looking forward to hearing from you.

I am contacting due to the astute business achievements and profound business idea you have shown in the past years that have helped you grown to this stage.
I am currently based in Europe, with years of experience in Principal Investment, Private equity, Project Finance & Syndication and advisory in Greater MENA and parts of Europe cross multiple asset classes (e.g. public equity, private equity, real estate, Fund management, fixed income) and sectors.
Over such period, I have developed strong contacts in the G.C.C and Asia markets with strong origination capacity bringing in access of 10 mature transactions across different markets and sectors. I am seeking your partnership in going into a multi-million dollar investment venture.
One of my clients is interested in investing in your country so I will like us to begin our acquaintance through this medium so we can discuss more.
I hope to hear from you soon so I can further enlighten you on this venture.
Roth Richter

Anti-fraud resources: