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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Johnson Gozah" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 3 Jul 2016 16:36:07 +0100
Subject: Can you help me on this..

Dear Sir,

My name is Dr Johnson Gozah,I am a member of a Ghanaian four-man Tenders Board in charge of contract award and payment approvals.Through my research,I got your contact. So I am hereby soliciting your consent and co-operation to receive a sum $55.8 million United State Dollars in your account for our mutual benefit.

Note that all arrangements have been concluded for the transfer of this fund and all necessary legal documents have already been taken care of.

Please i want you to note that everything will be legally and transparently done to erase any doubt. I will furnish you with more information as soon as I get a positive response from you.
Dr Johnson Gozah

Anti-fraud resources: