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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gabriel <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 28 Jul 2016 16:31:40 -0700
Subject: Credit alert


By order of our financial affiliate in United Kingdom, we confirm receipt of the above reference amount in our escrow account with the Citibank n.a. for further transfer to your account, as given by financial representative.

Kindly indicate your awareness to this new development and reconfirm your receiving account as stated in our payment database to avoid wrong fund transfer in a wrong account and also avoid any unnecessary delays.

Your mobile phone number will also be needed to effect Citibank credit alert when transfer is done.

We await your urgent response.

My regards,
Gabriel Owen

Anti-fraud resources: