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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Luis Miguel Gil Costa" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 31 Jul 2016 12:17:45 +1000
Subject: Dying intestate of my client/your relative

Dear Respected one,

In a brief introduction, My name is Luis Miguel Gil Costa, I am an Attorney by Profession in the country of Spain. I have information’s about your relative who died in my country, leaving behind a huge amount of money amounting to 6.8 Million Euros (Six Million Eight Hundred Thousand Euros), in the bank unclaimed. I have been trying to send you the necessary information’s about your deceased relation through email but it on returning back to my email as failure delivery. However, I will explain in more details as soon as I hear from you indicating your interest in this matter. Please reply me through my private email:

Yours Faithfully,

Luis Miguel Gil Costa (LLB)

Anti-fraud resources: