fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Lim Kean <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 08 Aug 2016 01:25:56 +0700
I am Mr. Lim Kean,I apologize for contacting you in this manner but the
situation at hand demands urgent attention from all presumed
beneficiaries. There is an unfinished business transaction in my branch
with our late client, from your country; that left $7.8 million in our
bank He was a CEO/Engineer and business Man here, before his death in
I am aware that there is plan to return his fund to the government
treasury if nobody put up a claim.
I want to present you as the beneficiary of the deceased. And will use
my position and influence in our bank to make sure they release this
money to you for us to share. I shall explain in details when I read
your reply, If you are interested to work with me get back immediately
for the details.