fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "MR KOTEREC GINLO. MILOS" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 9 Aug 2016 00:07:48 +0100
Subject: PLEASE COMFIRM THESE CLAIM.
Milos Ginlo.Koterec (ESC) UN
1030 ADELAIDE STREET, LONDON. N5Y-2M2
UNITED KINGDOM, LONDON.
Attn: -----Did You Authorized Mr.Croft To Claim your Fund??
I am Mr. Milos Ginlo Koterec a citizen of Switzerland and Director of the Economic and Social Council of United Nations (UN).
Your payment file was brought to my desk since last week with an application of change of beneficiary submitted by
Mr. Croft Amania. Mr. Croft Amania from Australia submitted claims on your funds stating that you are dead and also you had
given him the authority to claim the funds -Ten Million, Eight Hundred Thousand United State Dollars ( US$10.8M),we stopped
him first until we receive a confirmation from you.
You are therefore requested to get back to us to confirm the authenticity of the application of claim submitted by Mr Croft or if you
did not authorize him for any reason, urgently get back to us so that we can direct you on how you are going to receive your fund.
I am fully prepared to work with you to achieve this aim, but I will need your total cooperation.
Your urgent response is highly needed.
MR KOTEREC GINLO. MILOS
Nice and tidy.