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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DL" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Aug 2016 06:00:27 -0400
Subject: Your Reply

Good Day,

My Name is David Lyon a solicitor, I have a client who is in need for investment in your country. She is seeking for a private company or individuals that can manage and invest her funds wisely, she has a huge amount of money in the excess of ($25,000,000) twenty five millions US Dollars. she has agreed a 25% reward to the person who will stand in as a substitute beneficiary to the claim, and additional 5% is set aside to reimburse for expenses in the course of the transaction and the balance of 70% will be invested upon your strong recommendation to my client in your chosen area of investment.

If you are interested and willing to provide this assistance please forward the following information, otherwise do not reply

Full Name:



Company name:

Telephone/Fax Number:

Mobile Number:

A copy of Identification: (Driver's license or International Passport)

For me to start the process of Change of Beneficiary to your Name as new owner to the fund. The change of beneficiary will give you all rights and priviledges to claim the fund from the Finance house that the fund is domiciled in their trust account. I will only give further details if you are seriously interested because this transaction is Highly Confidential.

I look forward to a good long lasting business relationship with you.

Best Regards

Barr. David Lyon.

Anti-fraud resources: