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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John Paul <>
Reply-To: John Paul <>
Date: Sat, 20 Aug 2016 22:19:17 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Your Delivery Agent.

 ECOWAS Benin Rep. offered a package worth of 7.2M US Dollar to you and your Delivery Agent left yesterday for the delivery to your country. Please send him your details as Stated; Full name, Phone number, Address and Nearest Airport. Email John Martins {} to enable him commence on your delivery because he is
currently at JFK Int'l Airport. John Paul. CALL ME AFTER GOING THROUGH THE EMAIL +229-98206461 The Director of DHL Courier Company Benin Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: