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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "IBE KACHIKWU" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 21 Aug 2016 08:23:34 +0100
Subject: ATM CARD TRANSFER postgres psql

Dear Sir/Ma,

I am Ibe Kachikwu, the immediate former GMD of NNPC and the current Minister of Petroleum in Nigeria.I have a fund worth $2.5m which I want you to receive on my behalf through ATM card which will be sent to you through a reliable institution. You have to stand in as the owner of the ATM card, when you receive, I will provide an account where you will transfer 70% of the total money while you have 30%.

I don't want anyone to know that I am the one moving this fund. After this first one, we have a lot to accomplish.

Send me the following information for this transaction:

Your full name
and your phone number.

I await for your good response and co-operation.


Ibe Kachikwu.

Anti-fraud resources: