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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bank Of China" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 21 Aug 2016 15:23:14 +0530

I have important transaction for you as next of kin to claim US$18.37m Mail me on my private email:
so i can send you more details


Mr.Chim Wai Kim


DISCLAIMER: This email and any files it contains are confidential and intended for the use of the recipient(s) only. If you are not the intended recipient you should notify the sender immediately and destroy the material from your system. Unauthorised use, disclosure, copying, distribution or any action taken or omitted to be taken in reliance on the information in this e-mail is prohibited and may be unlawful..And might be punishable under
section 67B of the IT Act (2008

Anti-fraud resources: