fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "foreign service manager" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: "admin" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 24 Aug 2016 18:08:21 -0300
Subject: Re: Reminder Notification Expo 2020 Dubai
4, DIFC BLG Dubai-United Arab Emirates
This is to inform you that you have won the sum of US$6.5M (Six
Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars Only) for the 2016 Dubai promotion in
readiness for the Expo 2020, Sponsored by Emirates Bank in
conjunction with Abu Dhabi National Oil Company and other companies, Your
Email Address was selected through a computer balloting system drawn from
Nine hundred thousand Emails from Canada, Australia, United States, Asia,
Europe, Middle East, Africa and Oceanic as part of the 3rd
international promotion program which is conducted annually since after the
27 November 2013 announcement, only five Email address were selected as
winners, via an electronic balloting System without the winner applying or
purchasing a ticket.
These are your
identification numbers: Ticket
Number: UAE01JP/2016, Serial
Number: 2914-702, Lucky
your price, please contact our Foreign Service manager immediately via
email with the following.
* Full name:
* Telephone Number:
* Identification Numbers:
Mr. Ahmed Basil
Congratulations once again on your winnings!!!
Chief Executive Manager
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