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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Oswald <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 25 Aug 2016 17:19:04 +0300

25 August 2016


I am Richard Oswald and a broker by profession. I am looking for a reliable and trust worthy institution/person that a large sum of funds can be invested on his behalf on a long term basis. This partnership will mark the beginning of a mutually beneficial relationship between all parties. I am bringing you in, because of the need to get someone with international clout. It will require maximum secrecy and confidentiality which l trust you can guaranty. Relationships start in one day and l hope that this will mark the beginning of a lasting friendship between us.

My client(Whom l will introduce in due course) has a large sum of money for investment abroad and is looking for a result oriented institution/individual with track record of successful investments to hand over this fund to, for investment because of the prevailing circumstance where funds kept in foreign banks are not safe. My client seeks to realize sustainable superior returns based on long-term investment strategies built on diversification of investments and optimizing risk management by careful selection of investment opportunities. My client is ready to fund solely or be a part of any project/business that is capable of generating at least 10% annual return on investment (AROI).

I therefore seek your partnership to produce investment proposal and receive this fund for our mutual benefit. Upon acceptance, l shall send you the options available so that we can jointly agree on the way forward. Please note that the fund runs into several millions of United States dollars.

However, upon successful exercise, you will keep 30% of the ROI, 10% will be cover all expenses while the 60% will be for my client. Further information will be given to you upon acceptance.

Your response will be greatly appreciated and please note that this exercise is risk free and requires utmost secrecy and confidentiality. Please provide your secured contact phone number and other contact details to my email as follows: {}

Yours Sincerely,
Richard Oswald

Anti-fraud resources: