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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister David Lorenzo Garcia Esq" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 31 Aug 2016 08:13:27 +0200
Subject: Dear Friend

Dear Friend,

Let me start by introducing myself properly to you: My name is Barrister David Lorenzo Garcia Esq. of (DLG Legal Solicitor) in Madrid. I know that it may surprise you receiving this email from me since there was no previous correspondence between us.

I have an urgent and very confidential business proposal of the sum of €10,500,000.00 (Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand Euro only) which I believe that will be a very good opportunity for both of us, so I decided to contact you on the business.

Contact me on Telefax:0034911311727 E-mail ( I shall provide you with more details about my urgent business proposal, also you should understand that this should be kept very confidential.

Note: However, if my approach offends your moral ethics do accept my sincere apology, if on the contrary you wish to achieve this business goal with me, kindly get back to me with your interest for further details.

Best Regards,
Barrister David Lorenzo Garcia Esq
Of (DLG Legal Solicitor) 28013 Madrid Spain
Telefax: 0034911311727

Anti-fraud resources: