fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "might come to you as a surprise" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447031952967 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- +447031998893 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "Investment Consultant" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 23 Sep 2016 11:58:28 -0700
Subject: Well, I am Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria, an investment consultant
Greeting to you,
I know my email might come to you as a surprise couple with the fact
that we have never met before.
Well, I am Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria, an investment consultant. I wish to
inform you that I have a client who has good amount of money place
under my management for investment in any good environment that I
could recommend. So I will like to partner with you and achieve this
Upon receipt of your email and your interest to proceed, I shall give
you more insight on how we shall proceed towards conclusion.
I look forward to hearing back from you soon.
Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria
Tel/ Fax:+447031952967 (+44) 7031998893