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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Investment Consultant" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Sep 2016 11:58:28 -0700
Subject: Well, I am Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria, an investment consultant

Greeting to you,

I know my email might come to you as a surprise couple with the fact
that we have never met before.

Well, I am Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria, an investment consultant. I wish to
inform you that I have a client who has good amount of money place
under my management for investment in any good environment that I
could recommend. So I will like to partner with you and achieve this

Upon receipt of your email and your interest to proceed, I shall give
you more insight on how we shall proceed towards conclusion.

I look forward to hearing back from you soon.

Best Regards,
Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria
Tel/ Fax:+447031952967 (+44) 7031998893

Anti-fraud resources: