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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Janet Ume" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Sep 2016 21:00:27 +0200
Subject: Contact MoneyGram Now.

Congratulations, Your over due fund have been released finally for transfer to you. This development is as a result of the recent order from the UNITED NATIONS (U.N) which mandated all countries to release Foreign Funds and assets diverted and Held in Foreign Countries and Banks. The sum of $2.8M has been legally approved to be released to you.

Contact the MoneyGram Transfer department of U.B.A Bank Benin now for your file processing and the immediate transfer of your 2,800,000USD fund.
You are to receive the sum of 5000USD each transfer until your total fund is fully transferred. Reconfirm the below details to the money gram office.

Your Full name___
Your City___
Your address___
Your ID or passport.
Direct phone number__

Tell: (+)229 68808554.

You are required to pay for your file Processing/activation fee only to the MoneyGram department, confirm the cost from the MONEY GRAM OFFICE.

Mrs. Janet Ume
Minister for Finance Office
Cotonou, Benin Rep.

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Anti-fraud resources: