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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 24 Sep 2016 09:18:59 -0700
Subject: I am in reference to your outstanding Fund compensation payment sum of US$500,000.00

I am in reference to your outstanding Fund compensation payment sum of US$500,000.00 (Five Hundred thousand United State Dollars) approved by Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) for payment to you as a compensation as one of the previous scam victims. However, am glad to inform you that your compensation fund has been arranged and approved for payment via cash delivery to your destination through our Bank official delivery agent which he has arrived with the cash consignment in FORTWAYNE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INDIANA (FWA) were he has a transit for official and final delivery to your destination within 24 hours. Contact Rev. ALLEN SANCHEZ via email ( and reconfirm your full details to him in other to facilitate your delivery.

Yours respectively,

Godwin Emefiele
Board of Governor, CBN

Anti-fraud resources: