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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Godwin Emefiele" <>
Date: Sun, 25 Sep 2016 23:37:49 -0700
Subject: Your Inheritance/Contract Fund $20.5M would be released to you

From the Desk Of:
Dr. Godwin Emefiele (CBN)
REF: CBN/IRD/CBX/066/010

ATTN : ,

It was resolved and agreed that your Inheritance/Contract Fund $20.5M
would be released to you on a special method of payment which tag Name
Reads "SWIFT CREDIT CARD"you are advices to re-confirm

Your Name,===============
Next of kin.==============
Your Occupation=============
A scanned copy of your ID or passport.=============
Phone Number to Claim Your Fund===================

Dr. Godwin Emefiele (CBN)

Anti-fraud resources: