fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.David Martins" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 2 Dec 2016 01:45:52 +1200
Subject: RE:CONFIRMATION OF YOUR WINNING PRICE.
Euro Million Lotteries
Calle Malaga 1 Bajo,b
CONFIRM YOUR PRIZE!!!
This is to notify you that your email address drew the category A winning in the on-going euro million lottery held on the 1st December,2016 ,you have been approved for the Sum of Euros 950,000 (Nine Hundred And Filthy Thousand Euro.)
Please contact the processing agent with your winning Details: Ref Num: GF319/2780H, Ticket Num: ESP 31-43470
Furnish us with your personal details below as well as your winning number.
Here is the information you have to forward to us
1. Your Full Names:______
2. Postal Address:_______
3. Direct Cell Numbers:_______
4. E-mail Address:________
9.Passport or ID card :________
Contact Name: Mr, David Martins
This email lottery is sponsored by Euro Millions SA-Spain and is registered and protected by the Benelux trademark law.
Please note that the validity period of these winning is 14 days; hence you are expected to make your claims immediately. Any claim not made before this date will be transfer to the suspense vault of the Spanish Gaming Board.
Mrs. Maria Isabel
Online Coordinator. Euro million Lotteries.