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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DR RUBEN ANDERSSON" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 10 Dec 2016 07:47:46 -0800
Subject: Next of Kin/Beneficiary

Hello My Very Good Friend,


First, I'm soliciting your utmost confidentiality in this Transaction.I am DR RUBEN ANDERSSON,the foreign Operations Manager Citi Bank Plc. One of our customers who bears the same name with you, a national of your country, who used to work with Chevron Oil Producing Company in Nigeria that died On the Thursday, December 25, 2003 Posted: 2215 GMT ( 6:15 AM HKT),on the single reason of visiting his in-laws. His wife{A LEBANESE} and their only daughter were involved in a Plane crash in Benin Republic, in West Africa on their way home for the holidays and were among the people confirmed dead.

...Check the cnn website here for confirmation...(

Since then I have made several inquiries to your embassy here to locate any of his extended relatives, this has also proved unsuccessful.After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to track over the Internet, to locate any member of his family or relative hence I contacted you.I'm taking this advantage in order to better my life and that of my family. I have contacted you to assist in repatriating the fund valued at US$20.7 million Left behind by our customer before it get Confiscated or declared unserviceable by our bank where this huge amount was deposited Our bank has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin or have the account confiscated in the next six months. For the fact that I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives since then I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin to the deceased, so that the proceeds of this account can be paid to you.

Therefore, on receipt of your positive response, we shall then discuss the percentage that is coming to me after the money is been credited in your chosen account and the modalities for transfer. I can assist in procuring the necessary information and legal documents that may be needed to actualize this proposal since I will contract the services of our bank accredited lawyer who will legally represent you here. All I require from you is your honest cooperation to enable us see this transaction through. I guarantee that this will be executed under legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.

If this proposal is acceptable by you, kindly get back to me .I want you to also furnish me with your private telephone/fax or preferably your mobile numbers and I will have to apply for the release and subsequent Transfer of the fund in your favour.

Please get in touch with me first by my secured and confidential email

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation.

Yours Faithfully,

Please upon your response include your private telephone and fax for further and oral communication

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