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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Olivia Khan <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 10 Dec 2016 15:16:51 +0100

My name is Olivia Khan a personal secretary to head of foreign operations of our bank, he mandated me to contact you for a financial opportunity concerning our late customer who died interstate.

Please should you be interested in concluding the transaction with my boss, Send the below details,your full name,address,occupation,direct telephone and fax numbers and your means of identification.

I want to assure you that everything will be concluded within the armpit of law.

Best of luck

Miss Olivia Khan

Anti-fraud resources: