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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JESSICA WEST" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 10 Dec 2016 13:50:39 -0800
Subject: Re: Greetings..BANK !!! TRANSFER.

Greetings !!!

You have been shortlisted to Receive US$18,000,000 IMF BENEFIT PAYMENT due to the recent Economic calamity that befalls the world stock market, this benefit amount is meant to help people to get of standard and help the world Economic growth.

Reconfirm the below information immediately for fund release procedure.

1. Full Names:
2. Residential
3. Phone Number:
4. Occupation:
5. Country:

Let me repeat again, try to contact us immediately you receive this mail to avoid any further delay and remember to furnish us with the needed information above. The Year is almost ending and if you fail to act fast, your fund will be among those that will be confiscated by the States Treasury as dormant and abandon fund.

Yours Faithfully,
TEXT OR CALL: +1 718-504-6541

Anti-fraud resources: