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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr.Justin Ramus <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 14 Dec 2016 17:40:20 +0800
Subject: Re:Urgent Need.

Attention Sir/Madam,

My name is Mr.Justin Ramus.I am an attorney.I am contacting you to ask for your assistance and co-operation to help me claim on behalf of my late client who died without a will as his next of kin,the sum of $7.8 Million United State from a bank since you share the same last name with him.

I assure you that everything will be legally arranged and executed and there will be no problem for you in the transaction.

I will give you 40% of the total sum as your own share for your assistance and co-operation.


Mr.Justin Ramus

Anti-fraud resources: