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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ryan Dillion <>
Date: Sat, 17 Dec 2016 07:44:50 -0700
Subject: Dear

Dear friend,

I apologize for intruding into your privacy, especially by contacting
you through this means for a business transaction of this magnitude,
but due to its seriousness and urgency, therefore it became necessary
for me to seek for your assistance. Please contact me here
( for more information on the transfer of
(£5.7million) left by my late client Engineer Paul B. Imran, I want to
present you as the next of kin to my late client, because you bear the
same last name to my late client. I will give you the details of this
transaction, as soon as I hear from you.

Best Regards,
Mr. Ryan Dillion, Esq. (Attorney-at-Law)

Anti-fraud resources: