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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bettina Eberhard" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Dec 2016 13:34:28 -0600

Centralbahnplatz 2
Basel, Switzerland                                                                                      23-12-2016
London fax number; 44-7005-938-117
USA fax number: 1-4138126185
Re: Your withheld claim .
Following the meeting held by members of the world Central bank governors, and the committee set up by this bank to renegotiate various clams of nonpayment of executed and commission contracts, inheritance claims, lottery wins etc.
This bank is writing to you to inquire the extend of your participation and claims from any of these World Bank in Africa, Asia and the America, having received several compliant of nonpayment of claims by some countries especially from Africa.
You are required to send us details of your dealings with any of the Central bank of the country where your payment have been withheld, including also any participating commercial banks situated in those countries. Any outstanding payment will be verified and settlement when finally confirmed, will be wire into your account.
Yours sincerely,
For: Bettina Eberhard *
    Chief Financial Officer

Anti-fraud resources: