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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FBN Group - Lara Davies" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2016 06:52:45 -0000
Subject: Re: Is This Your Testament & Will ?? ...

Compliments of the season to you and yours.
Pardon my email enquiry, but it is the ethical thing to do before reverting.
I need to know if you assigned one Paul Miner of Bethel, Connecticut - USA your Will and Testament to receive your estate and an ATM Card
in your name for the sum of $1,500,000 contained on the card.
Paul Miner sent a notification to this bank that you were involved in an auto crash two weeks ago, that he [Paul Miner] has been assigned
as the sole beneficiary to your estate and the unpaid fund still lodged with our bank the sum of One Million, Five Hundred Thousand US Dollars only.
We request your prompt response confirming or revoking the application sent in by Paul Miner - if you are truly alive.
We will not be held liable if we do not hear from you within 5 business days as we will have no option than to release the ATM Card to your assigned next of kin, in the person of the applicant Mr. Paul
Miner of Bethel, Connecticut - USA
Warm regards,
Lara Davies
Telephone #: +234 816 493 2126
Head, Bills and Operations
FBN Group

Anti-fraud resources: