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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Abaa John," <> (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2016 09:06:14 -0200
Subject: Important Notice,

Good Day,

This is to let you know that I have deposited your Check US$980,000,00
hundred and Eighty thousand us dollars) to western union money transfer
office Benin Republic. All you have to do now is to contact the
( so they will give you direction on
how you will be receiving
your Fund daily. My agreement with them is $10,000 daily until the whole
US$980,000,00 is transfer complete.

Note you are not expected to pay for the transfer fee or any Certificate
because all the fee is already deducted from the total funds. The only
you will send to the western union office Benin Republic before they will
release you first payment information is activation fee only,

Email them with your full address where you want them to transfer the total

fund to you accordingly Also ask them how much the activation fee will cost
you and where to send it to. The contact person is DR DAVID GREEN,

Thank you.
Abaa John,

Anti-fraud resources: