fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Rose Micheal <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2016 15:55:29 +0100
Subject: PARTNER AND INVESTOR NEEDED REPLY BACK FOR MORE DETAILS###
My name is Rose, i am 25 years single girl, i am seeking for your
partnership and assistance to help me retrieve my inherited ATM CARD
valued, $4.2 Million US dollars, my late father deposited the ATM CARD
in the bank with my name as the next of kin, but because of my refugee
status and the agreement my late parents signed with the bank.
Bank authority asked me to present a trustee who will represent me,
that is why i contact you for partnership, and for you to claim my
family ATM CARD containing the sum of, $4.2 Million USD on my behalf.
I will give you 30% of the money for helping me, while the remaining
amount will be invest in your country. Please reply me fast so that i
can tell you more about my self, and give you depositors details for
you to write bank to find out on how to retrieve the ATM CARD and for
Write me to my email address for more details: firstname.lastname@example.org
I hope to hear from you today.
From Miss Rose.